Yellow Perch
(Perca flavescens)
The yellow perch is easily distinguished by the 5-9 black vertical bars  on their  yellow or greenish-yellow sides.  Their body shape is  described  as  elongate  and  slightly  compressed.  The  yellow perch  generally  grows  from  6-12  inches  long.

The yellow  perch is  the  most widely distributed  member of the perch  family  and  is  common  throughout  New  York.   It  is  an important   sport  fish  and  also  the  object  of  the  commercial fishery in the  Great  Lakes.  It is  an extremely  popular panfish that  is  excellent  to eat.  The  New  York  State  record  yellow perch  was  caught in  Lake  Erie  in  1982 and weighed  3lbs.8oz. Yellow perch  will feed  year round, and because of this it is very popular  with  ice fishing  anglers.  Perch  are  relatively  easy  to catch  and  often  one  of  the  first  fish  caught  by  anglers.

Yellow perch will occupy  a variety of  habitat.  They  prefer the shallow,  weedy,  protected  sections  of lakes, rivers,  and ponds, where  they  often  travel in schools  Adult  perch  usually occupy deeper waters than juveniles do.  They feed most  actively during the  day and often rest  motionless at night.  Young perch feed on different  forms  of zooplankton,  insects,  and  insect larvae.  As perch  get larger  they  feed on a variety of  organisms  including aquatic  insects,  crayfish,  and  small  fish.

Perch spawn in early spring when water temperatures reach 45 to 50 F.  In ponds they usually spawn just after ice-out.  The female swims among  sticks and  weeds in open, shallow  water near shore. She emits a long gelatinous ribbon of eggs a couple of inches wide and  2 to 7 feet long.  These ribbons are draped over logs, sticks, and vegetation.  As  many as a  dozen males may follow the female and fertilize the eggs.  Eggs  may number from 10,000 to 48,000 depending on the size of  the female.  No parental care is given to the  eggs,  which hatch in  8-20 days,  depending  on temperature. Schools  of newly hatched perch larvae feed on zooplankton.  The yellow  perch  will  live  as  long  as  9-10  years.

As with many of the other panfish, the yellow perch is extremely adaptable and will thrive in most cool and warm farm ponds.

They provide an excellent food supply for the larger predator fish and generally do not overpopulate when bass or walleye are present
Perch are almost always stocked with walleye, as they are one of the walleye’s preferred foods.  In new ponds they can be stocked at a rate of 200 to 300 fingerlings per surface acre.  In older ponds with an established population of predator fish, adult breeder perch (6 inches and larger) can be stocked at a rate of 50 per acre.
Finger Lakes Aquaculture 7627 County Rd. 36 
Naples, NY 14512 
(585) 374-2974 
Phil Faber - Owner 

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